Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 134,429
2 China 103,227
3 United States 99,888
4 Australia 54,228
5 Netherlands 38,819
6 Germany 25,429
7 South Africa 24,044
8 Canada 23,345
9 Brazil 19,127
10 Indonesia 18,770
11 Turkey 17,622
12 Malaysia 15,909
13 Sweden 15,095
14 Italy 14,455
15 India 14,140
16 Thailand 14,101
17 France 13,787
18 South Korea 12,896
19 Japan 11,644
20 Colombia 11,473

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach