Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 97,004
2 China 58,160
3 United Kingdom 31,831
4 Japan 26,181
5 Brazil 22,578
6 Australia 18,497
7 Canada 16,444
8 Germany 13,974
9 Thailand 10,384
10 Mexico 9,787
11 Italy 9,424
12 France 9,386
13 South Korea 9,035
14 Poland 9,002
15 India 8,829
16 Turkey 8,796
17 Netherlands 8,546
18 Spain 8,047
19 Russia 8,035
20 Switzerland 5,624

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach