Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 427,284
2 United States 321,902
3 Australia 86,173
4 Brazil 84,800
5 Canada 54,283
6 China 49,170
7 Colombia 38,793
8 Belgium 38,085
9 Italy 27,594
10 France 26,034
11 Mexico 25,082
12 Netherlands 24,666
13 Germany 24,533
14 Spain 22,002
15 Thailand 20,988
16 Ireland 19,929
17 Sweden 17,920
18 Poland 15,268
19 New Zealand 14,751
20 Turkey 14,482

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach