Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 467,251
2 United States 336,283
3 Australia 93,483
4 Brazil 80,345
5 Canada 59,176
6 China 47,267
7 Colombia 38,676
8 Belgium 35,644
9 Italy 30,314
10 France 28,987
11 Netherlands 26,493
12 Mexico 25,913
13 Spain 24,524
14 Germany 23,714
15 Ireland 20,034
16 Thailand 19,942
17 Sweden 19,223
18 Poland 16,813
19 Turkey 15,930
20 Switzerland 14,550

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach