Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 389,148
2 United States 309,149
3 Brazil 90,217
4 Australia 80,747
5 Canada 51,296
6 China 47,552
7 Colombia 41,477
8 France 32,323
9 Belgium 30,746
10 Italy 25,685
11 Germany 24,313
12 Mexico 24,096
13 Netherlands 22,530
14 Thailand 22,126
15 Ireland 20,251
16 Spain 18,282
17 Sweden 16,880
18 Poland 14,600
19 New Zealand 13,991
20 Turkey 13,929

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach