Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 389,597
2 United States 182,901
3 Thailand 142,123
4 Brazil 81,062
5 India 79,807
6 United Kingdom 74,514
7 Australia 72,735
8 Turkey 68,674
9 Italy 60,664
10 South Korea 57,497
11 Canada 51,303
12 Mexico 50,322
13 Japan 42,050
14 Germany 41,266
15 Taiwan 41,081
16 France 39,698
17 Spain 39,199
18 Netherlands 32,941
19 Belgium 31,848
20 Malaysia 29,826

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach