Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 372,436
2 United States 182,529
3 Thailand 145,063
4 India 98,632
5 Brazil 78,961
6 United Kingdom 73,942
7 Australia 71,040
8 Turkey 63,808
9 Italy 57,103
10 South Korea 55,165
11 Mexico 54,532
12 Canada 51,257
13 Germany 46,126
14 Taiwan 43,596
15 France 42,448
16 Japan 41,332
17 Spain 39,990
18 Malaysia 37,055
19 Poland 32,124
20 Belgium 31,330

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach