Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 388,743
2 United States 183,689
3 Thailand 146,895
4 India 89,744
5 Brazil 81,065
6 United Kingdom 73,149
7 Australia 70,821
8 Turkey 66,679
9 Italy 58,741
10 South Korea 55,496
11 Mexico 53,609
12 Canada 51,129
13 Germany 43,786
14 Taiwan 41,687
15 Japan 41,150
16 France 40,615
17 Spain 39,436
18 Malaysia 32,349
19 Netherlands 31,804
20 Poland 30,895

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach