Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 182,159
2 United Kingdom 138,847
3 Australia 68,259
4 Canada 28,944
5 China 25,491
6 Netherlands 21,147
7 Germany 12,433
8 South Africa 8,125
9 New Zealand 8,110
10 Ireland 7,675
11 Turkey 7,473
12 France 7,094
13 Sweden 6,854
14 Brazil 5,949
15 Spain 5,808
16 Malaysia 5,739
17 Denmark 5,512
18 Italy 5,357
19 Indonesia 4,677
20 Switzerland 4,582

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach