Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 178,978
2 United Kingdom 140,975
3 Australia 69,559
4 Canada 30,887
5 China 26,645
6 Netherlands 22,459
7 Germany 11,591
8 New Zealand 8,698
9 Turkey 8,009
10 Ireland 7,684
11 France 7,504
12 South Africa 7,367
13 Sweden 6,462
14 Spain 6,051
15 Italy 5,908
16 Norway 5,690
17 Denmark 5,672
18 Malaysia 5,531
19 Brazil 5,439
20 Switzerland 4,802

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach