Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 150,068
2 United States 114,704
3 Japan 39,826
4 Germany 36,600
5 United Kingdom 32,443
6 South Korea 31,333
7 Spain 30,005
8 France 27,893
9 Brazil 25,499
10 India 24,077
11 Canada 22,365
12 Australia 20,476
13 Thailand 19,808
14 Italy 17,142
15 Netherlands 13,901
16 Taiwan 13,265
17 Mexico 12,780
18 Turkey 12,742
19 Belgium 11,423
20 Switzerland 11,051

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach