Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 140,975
2 United States 117,391
3 Germany 41,388
4 Japan 37,958
5 United Kingdom 31,569
6 South Korea 30,169
7 Spain 29,271
8 France 29,159
9 India 27,721
10 Brazil 27,070
11 Thailand 25,529
12 Canada 24,444
13 Australia 20,846
14 Italy 16,889
15 Mexico 14,580
16 Netherlands 13,676
17 Switzerland 13,515
18 Taiwan 12,186
19 Turkey 11,384
20 South Africa 11,187

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach