Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 18,544
2 China 12,468
3 Germany 7,261
4 India 6,509
5 United Kingdom 5,187
6 Japan 4,003
7 Spain 3,404
8 France 3,261
9 Brazil 2,940
10 Canada 2,835
11 Switzerland 2,432
12 Australia 2,421
13 Italy 2,409
14 Turkey 2,305
15 Netherlands 2,032
16 Thailand 1,924
17 Taiwan 1,695
18 Poland 1,684
19 South Korea 1,645
20 Mexico 1,391

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach