Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 17,188
2 China 12,713
3 Germany 6,570
4 India 5,821
5 United Kingdom 4,625
6 Japan 3,748
7 France 3,230
8 Spain 3,182
9 Australia 2,613
10 Brazil 2,612
11 Canada 2,600
12 Turkey 2,345
13 Italy 2,231
14 Netherlands 1,953
15 Thailand 1,888
16 Switzerland 1,808
17 Taiwan 1,692
18 South Korea 1,612
19 Poland 1,610
20 Iran 1,357

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach