Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 18,049
2 China 13,871
3 Germany 7,196
4 India 6,551
5 United Kingdom 5,243
6 Japan 4,103
7 France 3,283
8 Spain 3,099
9 Canada 2,778
10 Brazil 2,775
11 Italy 2,418
12 Switzerland 2,129
13 Turkey 2,069
14 South Korea 1,895
15 Netherlands 1,829
16 Thailand 1,797
17 Australia 1,732
18 Poland 1,667
19 Mexico 1,394
20 Taiwan 1,220

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach