Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 166,611
2 United States 46,953
3 India 37,098
4 Turkey 32,104
5 Pakistan 31,190
6 Taiwan 18,580
7 Malaysia 12,304
8 United Kingdom 11,120
9 Russia 10,996
10 South Korea 10,852
11 Japan 10,005
12 Australia 7,211
13 Brazil 6,066
14 Morocco 5,916
15 Egypt 5,790
16 Saudi Arabia 5,758
17 France 5,187
18 Canada 5,132
19 Algeria 4,397
20 Italy 4,258

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach