Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 India 43,061
2 United States 26,742
3 China 26,384
4 Thailand 24,646
5 Malaysia 14,594
6 Russia 12,310
7 Brazil 11,330
8 Turkey 10,693
9 Pakistan 10,632
10 Egypt 10,074
11 United Kingdom 9,579
12 Indonesia 8,638
13 South Korea 7,330
14 South Africa 6,653
15 Ethiopia 6,652
16 Taiwan 6,506
17 Mexico 6,113
18 Iran 5,930
19 Australia 5,779
20 Italy 5,621

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach