Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 294,365
2 Germany 159,458
3 China 150,938
4 Japan 119,079
5 United Kingdom 101,923
6 India 77,911
7 Switzerland 49,332
8 France 42,012
9 Italy 41,751
10 Brazil 33,152
11 South Korea 33,087
12 Russia 29,627
13 Netherlands 26,513
14 Canada 25,667
15 Taiwan 21,399
16 Australia 18,455
17 Spain 18,108
18 Israel 16,496
19 Sweden 15,301
20 Belgium 12,148

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach