Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 328,486
2 Germany 169,410
3 China 157,652
4 Japan 132,108
5 United Kingdom 94,309
6 India 74,671
7 Switzerland 59,946
8 France 55,373
9 Brazil 54,750
10 Italy 42,357
11 Russia 40,049
12 Canada 38,587
13 Australia 36,415
14 South Korea 31,016
15 Netherlands 26,618
16 Spain 25,727
17 Taiwan 25,181
18 Israel 14,902
19 Sweden 14,598
20 Belgium 14,150

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach