Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 287,302
2 Japan 135,867
3 China 101,723
4 United Kingdom 74,544
5 Italy 45,298
6 Canada 41,148
7 Australia 38,796
8 Turkey 34,245
9 Germany 31,290
10 South Korea 29,064
11 France 28,732
12 Netherlands 27,756
13 Brazil 22,602
14 Taiwan 19,662
15 Spain 18,391
16 Switzerland 14,038
17 Mexico 12,267
18 Belgium 11,974
19 Thailand 10,872
20 Colombia 9,727

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach