Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 256,157
2 Japan 135,217
3 China 88,895
4 United Kingdom 71,273
5 Canada 38,128
6 Italy 36,936
7 Australia 36,090
8 Turkey 33,813
9 South Korea 26,405
10 Germany 25,947
11 Netherlands 25,563
12 France 24,950
13 Brazil 15,568
14 Spain 14,955
15 Switzerland 14,105
16 Taiwan 14,073
17 Belgium 11,146
18 Mexico 9,009
19 Thailand 7,078
20 Colombia 6,939

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach