Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 295,957
2 Japan 137,344
3 China 108,007
4 United Kingdom 75,006
5 Italy 48,337
6 Canada 42,514
7 Australia 40,609
8 Turkey 34,936
9 Germany 34,132
10 France 32,057
11 South Korea 30,365
12 Netherlands 28,594
13 Brazil 28,405
14 Taiwan 21,496
15 Spain 20,795
16 Switzerland 14,018
17 Belgium 12,300
18 Thailand 11,741
19 Mexico 11,395
20 Russia 11,069

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach