Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 62,544
2 China 40,296
3 India 35,933
4 Malaysia 34,297
5 United Kingdom 31,610
6 Australia 22,828
7 Japan 18,193
8 Thailand 16,140
9 Germany 14,717
10 Canada 10,884
11 Indonesia 10,385
12 Netherlands 9,197
13 South Korea 7,257
14 Taiwan 6,953
15 South Africa 6,732
16 Philippines 6,213
17 Turkey 6,044
18 Russia 5,205
19 Ethiopia 5,080
20 Iran 4,875

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach