Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 118,117
2 Japan 82,606
3 China 72,938
4 South Korea 35,772
5 Turkey 28,765
6 United Kingdom 27,852
7 Australia 17,453
8 Italy 16,515
9 Canada 16,446
10 Taiwan 15,142
11 Brazil 14,456
12 Germany 12,275
13 France 10,625
14 Thailand 9,980
15 Netherlands 9,488
16 Iran 9,095
17 Spain 8,359
18 Mexico 8,159
19 Colombia 7,134
20 Belgium 6,393

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach