Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 117,599
2 Japan 77,951
3 China 73,157
4 South Korea 35,952
5 Turkey 30,928
6 United Kingdom 26,800
7 Italy 17,106
8 Australia 16,652
9 Taiwan 16,188
10 Canada 16,045
11 Brazil 15,945
12 Germany 12,315
13 France 11,495
14 Thailand 10,251
15 Iran 9,784
16 Netherlands 9,358
17 Spain 8,412
18 Mexico 8,396
19 Colombia 7,546
20 Russia 6,338

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach