Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 342,238
2 United States 142,121
3 United Kingdom 122,734
4 Australia 65,578
5 India 50,515
6 South Korea 37,301
7 France 33,136
8 Japan 30,865
9 Taiwan 29,033
10 Malaysia 26,397
11 Canada 25,943
12 Hong Kong 25,576
13 Brazil 22,667
14 Turkey 22,538
15 Germany 22,231
16 Indonesia 17,139
17 Italy 17,092
18 Belgium 16,554
19 Russia 14,187
20 Sweden 13,918

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach