Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 781,236
2 United States 307,314
3 South Korea 218,156
4 Japan 188,077
5 India 112,803
6 Taiwan 94,370
7 Turkey 92,544
8 United Kingdom 87,653
9 Germany 72,364
10 Brazil 71,764
11 Canada 53,641
12 Russia 51,085
13 France 47,368
14 Australia 41,505
15 Malaysia 38,248
16 Poland 32,632
17 Italy 31,650
18 Thailand 30,747
19 Spain 29,231
20 Pakistan 25,682

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach