Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,046,009
2 United Kingdom 964,812
3 Australia 320,016
4 China 303,808
5 Canada 257,531
6 Netherlands 146,171
7 Italy 140,666
8 Brazil 135,731
9 Thailand 117,632
10 Turkey 115,011
11 Germany 105,509
12 South Korea 104,723
13 Spain 99,662
14 Japan 96,979
15 Switzerland 93,128
16 France 87,513
17 Malaysia 64,291
18 South Africa 58,795
19 India 58,128
20 Portugal 50,509

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach