Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,039,987
2 United Kingdom 917,501
3 Australia 306,330
4 China 305,965
5 Canada 241,654
6 Brazil 146,960
7 Netherlands 139,656
8 Italy 133,992
9 Thailand 129,703
10 Germany 115,938
11 Turkey 105,969
12 South Korea 103,731
13 Spain 102,711
14 Japan 94,685
15 Switzerland 89,095
16 France 88,775
17 Malaysia 71,171
18 India 69,449
19 South Africa 57,414
20 Poland 51,563

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach