Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 350,460
2 China 137,399
3 United Kingdom 125,790
4 Netherlands 64,789
5 Germany 64,777
6 Australia 50,219
7 Canada 39,121
8 South Korea 29,636
9 Switzerland 23,116
10 Italy 22,216
11 Taiwan 21,969
12 Japan 18,539
13 Hong Kong 17,482
14 Brazil 16,959
15 Turkey 16,306
16 France 15,388
17 Spain 15,131
18 India 14,591
19 Sweden 13,749
20 Belgium 12,028

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach