Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,825,867
2 United States 992,830
3 United Kingdom 970,474
4 India 406,158
5 Australia 384,361
6 Italy 317,121
7 Turkey 305,228
8 Canada 288,337
9 South Korea 261,536
10 Malaysia 244,565
11 Germany 236,238
12 Brazil 214,795
13 Spain 197,311
14 Netherlands 184,109
15 France 180,795
16 Hong Kong 176,544
17 Taiwan 159,385
18 Japan 149,812
19 Sweden 138,085
20 Thailand 135,405

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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