Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,994,436
2 United States 1,016,841
3 United Kingdom 1,014,069
4 Australia 416,926
5 India 377,271
6 Italy 316,607
7 Turkey 313,837
8 Canada 310,301
9 South Korea 282,330
10 Brazil 220,045
11 Germany 217,936
12 Malaysia 215,247
13 Spain 200,907
14 Netherlands 194,791
15 Hong Kong 185,913
16 France 181,892
17 Japan 164,089
18 Taiwan 157,148
19 Sweden 126,227
20 Thailand 125,312

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach