Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 9,916,401
2 United States 3,045,259
3 South Korea 2,026,098
4 Japan 1,314,970
5 Germany 1,272,558
6 India 981,623
7 United Kingdom 899,607
8 Taiwan 780,352
9 Canada 533,207
10 France 411,154
11 Australia 390,342
12 Turkey 344,751
13 Italy 257,783
14 Malaysia 246,312
15 Brazil 239,396
16 Russia 220,775
17 Thailand 218,989
18 Spain 212,339
19 Hong Kong 201,270
20 Singapore 189,962

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach