Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 251,725
2 United States 105,303
3 India 55,083
4 United Kingdom 50,557
5 Germany 39,276
6 Turkey 31,865
7 France 25,644
8 Australia 23,535
9 Canada 22,768
10 Brazil 20,353
11 South Korea 19,554
12 Taiwan 18,906
13 Italy 17,556
14 Spain 17,205
15 Japan 16,977
16 Thailand 16,719
17 Malaysia 14,395
18 Netherlands 13,495
19 Russia 13,063
20 Indonesia 11,532

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach