Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,390,796
2 United States 784,328
3 United Kingdom 400,804
4 India 210,066
5 Japan 176,784
6 Australia 157,135
7 Brazil 152,395
8 Germany 152,284
9 Turkey 134,197
10 South Korea 121,459
11 Canada 114,605
12 France 101,080
13 Italy 97,261
14 Netherlands 88,333
15 Taiwan 85,186
16 Russia 82,934
17 Malaysia 76,723
18 Spain 68,014
19 Mexico 60,348
20 Hong Kong 58,507

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach