Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 274,478
2 China 233,077
3 Brazil 172,428
4 India 112,423
5 United Kingdom 110,777
6 Russia 97,020
7 Australia 88,581
8 Thailand 82,322
9 Mexico 72,631
10 Japan 71,597
11 Turkey 59,410
12 Canada 51,592
13 Colombia 51,107
14 Spain 50,776
15 Germany 39,998
16 Italy 37,362
17 Indonesia 35,088
18 South Korea 35,006
19 South Africa 33,416
20 France 30,508

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach