Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 265,576
2 China 231,153
3 Brazil 157,048
4 United Kingdom 106,563
5 India 93,104
6 Australia 85,043
7 Thailand 80,430
8 Russia 73,175
9 Japan 69,437
10 Mexico 69,221
11 Turkey 59,115
12 Spain 49,880
13 Colombia 47,931
14 Canada 47,393
15 Germany 37,437
16 Italy 36,207
17 South Korea 32,066
18 Indonesia 30,921
19 South Africa 30,216
20 Poland 30,043

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach