Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 772,359
2 United States 390,404
3 India 199,718
4 Australia 180,275
5 Brazil 123,579
6 United Kingdom 119,590
7 Japan 97,428
8 Germany 94,732
9 Thailand 88,768
10 Canada 79,046
11 Netherlands 70,562
12 France 70,400
13 Pakistan 61,171
14 Argentina 51,310
15 South Africa 50,247
16 Italy 49,303
17 Russia 47,139
18 Turkey 43,939
19 Spain 36,194
20 Taiwan 36,135

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach