Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,428,239
2 China 1,186,861
3 United States 796,262
4 Germany 476,148
5 Australia 447,561
6 Netherlands 272,844
7 Taiwan 256,911
8 Indonesia 189,615
9 Malaysia 156,151
10 India 150,604
11 Canada 140,375
12 Italy 129,169
13 France 117,691
14 South Korea 105,985
15 Turkey 101,891
16 Japan 96,709
17 Switzerland 89,047
18 Hong Kong 82,325
19 Sweden 75,350
20 Belgium 73,952

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach