Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,398,232
2 China 1,249,594
3 United States 802,957
4 Australia 439,022
5 Germany 426,282
6 Netherlands 276,593
7 Taiwan 235,819
8 Indonesia 165,051
9 India 144,295
10 Canada 139,481
11 Italy 137,575
12 Malaysia 130,337
13 France 121,369
14 South Korea 104,866
15 Turkey 102,602
16 Switzerland 99,400
17 Japan 97,373
18 Hong Kong 85,720
19 Belgium 77,142
20 Sweden 76,816

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach