Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,461,375
2 China 1,147,055
3 United States 772,179
4 Germany 534,487
5 Australia 427,852
6 Taiwan 296,359
7 Netherlands 264,393
8 Indonesia 257,810
9 Malaysia 224,506
10 India 155,624
11 Canada 137,989
12 France 123,605
13 Italy 123,437
14 Turkey 110,600
15 Japan 109,156
16 South Korea 108,593
17 Hong Kong 90,031
18 South Africa 88,909
19 Switzerland 83,412
20 Sweden 81,669

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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