Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,468,038
2 China 1,190,242
3 United States 793,861
4 Germany 519,275
5 Australia 444,282
6 Taiwan 277,809
7 Netherlands 266,497
8 Indonesia 226,732
9 Malaysia 197,141
10 India 156,383
11 Canada 137,483
12 Italy 129,473
13 France 119,471
14 South Korea 109,849
15 Turkey 107,321
16 Japan 105,634
17 Hong Kong 89,394
18 South Africa 87,207
19 Switzerland 84,192
20 Sweden 78,095

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach