Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 601,159
2 United States 449,938
3 Brazil 166,714
4 United Kingdom 161,312
5 Germany 132,883
6 Japan 130,778
7 Canada 106,422
8 India 97,748
9 South Korea 81,820
10 Russia 79,790
11 France 78,256
12 Mexico 65,404
13 Spain 58,921
14 Australia 49,864
15 Iran 49,388
16 Colombia 48,913
17 Netherlands 47,184
18 Taiwan 46,827
19 Turkey 43,873
20 Malaysia 39,723

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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