Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 564,812
2 United States 436,860
3 United Kingdom 157,400
4 Brazil 157,278
5 Japan 127,398
6 Germany 116,979
7 Canada 102,945
8 India 86,590
9 South Korea 85,329
10 France 75,612
11 Russia 63,877
12 Spain 59,130
13 Mexico 57,539
14 Australia 50,040
15 Netherlands 46,851
16 Taiwan 42,863
17 Colombia 42,320
18 Iran 37,397
19 Italy 36,478
20 South Africa 35,491

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach