Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 194,293
2 China 170,472
3 United Kingdom 52,263
4 Japan 40,037
5 Germany 35,523
6 Canada 33,919
7 India 26,594
8 Australia 20,766
9 France 20,647
10 Brazil 17,943
11 Taiwan 16,383
12 South Korea 15,896
13 Netherlands 15,492
14 Italy 14,725
15 Thailand 14,268
16 Turkey 14,020
17 Switzerland 11,880
18 Spain 11,384
19 Russia 10,444
20 Hong Kong 8,550

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach