Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 581,449
2 United Kingdom 502,706
3 United States 481,462
4 Australia 213,696
5 Germany 141,571
6 Netherlands 80,067
7 Japan 70,829
8 Canada 69,951
9 Hong Kong 64,577
10 Taiwan 60,583
11 Spain 50,840
12 Malaysia 48,324
13 Sweden 43,620
14 South Korea 39,878
15 Finland 36,700
16 Italy 35,184
17 Thailand 34,172
18 Switzerland 33,525
19 Singapore 33,389
20 Denmark 33,017

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach