Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 624,142
2 United Kingdom 492,926
3 United States 460,284
4 Australia 209,821
5 Germany 134,597
6 Netherlands 78,437
7 Japan 70,821
8 Canada 68,641
9 Hong Kong 63,873
10 Taiwan 56,149
11 Spain 50,740
12 Sweden 47,084
13 Malaysia 41,873
14 South Korea 39,539
15 Italy 38,504
16 Finland 37,782
17 Switzerland 36,321
18 Thailand 33,891
19 Singapore 33,129
20 Denmark 32,979

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach