Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,605,513
2 China 1,051,924
3 Canada 464,795
4 United Kingdom 429,165
5 Australia 353,578
6 Brazil 346,720
7 Germany 204,268
8 Japan 161,716
9 France 148,576
10 Spain 140,099
11 Sweden 127,407
12 Netherlands 107,163
13 Italy 101,188
14 Russia 89,609
15 Mexico 89,105
16 Finland 86,527
17 Czech Republic 81,639
18 Switzerland 77,003
19 South Korea 72,770
20 India 68,651

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach