Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,569,325
2 China 890,625
3 Canada 446,913
4 United Kingdom 393,103
5 Australia 341,421
6 Brazil 338,294
7 Germany 225,937
8 Japan 152,264
9 France 131,572
10 Spain 128,572
11 Russia 124,909
12 Sweden 115,955
13 Mexico 98,423
14 Netherlands 97,844
15 Italy 90,600
16 Finland 80,557
17 India 79,675
18 Czech Republic 73,316
19 Switzerland 71,475
20 Indonesia 66,855

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach