Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,675,251
2 United States 1,310,555
3 Japan 339,253
4 United Kingdom 334,403
5 Germany 218,395
6 Canada 171,717
7 South Korea 165,211
8 India 162,014
9 Australia 150,689
10 France 127,039
11 Brazil 117,059
12 Italy 106,338
13 Taiwan 100,802
14 Switzerland 94,303
15 Turkey 86,878
16 Spain 85,487
17 Netherlands 81,333
18 Mexico 75,815
19 Thailand 66,450
20 Russia 58,966

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach