Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,701,465
2 United States 1,200,839
3 Japan 329,676
4 United Kingdom 322,528
5 Germany 191,478
6 Canada 165,091
7 South Korea 159,957
8 Australia 144,781
9 India 140,288
10 France 117,499
11 Brazil 104,205
12 Italy 101,783
13 Switzerland 93,931
14 Taiwan 91,171
15 Turkey 91,162
16 Spain 83,541
17 Netherlands 79,029
18 Mexico 63,702
19 Thailand 51,412
20 Iran 47,063

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach