Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,491,878
2 United States 1,468,261
3 United Kingdom 1,068,688
4 Germany 788,151
5 India 585,836
6 Turkey 469,423
7 Taiwan 466,163
8 Australia 435,471
9 Netherlands 402,664
10 Brazil 375,280
11 Canada 275,039
12 Russia 240,039
13 Iran 239,434
14 France 222,326
15 Malaysia 204,047
16 Italy 197,978
17 Thailand 191,592
18 South Korea 191,239
19 Indonesia 176,515
20 Sweden 161,542

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach