Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,736,826
2 United States 1,499,140
3 United Kingdom 1,148,362
4 Germany 863,872
5 India 584,032
6 Turkey 512,080
7 Australia 465,092
8 Taiwan 449,761
9 Netherlands 420,385
10 Brazil 399,206
11 Canada 301,415
12 Iran 254,478
13 Russia 236,484
14 France 232,057
15 South Korea 215,406
16 Thailand 205,346
17 Italy 198,656
18 Malaysia 197,141
19 Indonesia 193,718
20 Spain 158,537

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach