Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,192,730
2 United States 1,405,452
3 United Kingdom 1,233,919
4 Germany 643,338
5 Australia 490,746
6 Netherlands 485,536
7 Turkey 462,246
8 India 439,813
9 Taiwan 337,481
10 Brazil 321,324
11 Canada 316,553
12 France 236,608
13 South Korea 222,246
14 Italy 221,859
15 Iran 208,984
16 Hong Kong 161,851
17 Spain 160,960
18 Japan 158,486
19 Indonesia 157,363
20 Belgium 136,886

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach