Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,010,426
2 United States 1,395,011
3 United Kingdom 1,211,127
4 Germany 711,995
5 Australia 493,074
6 Turkey 489,733
7 India 475,991
8 Netherlands 451,692
9 Taiwan 377,156
10 Brazil 357,771
11 Canada 317,745
12 Iran 252,739
13 France 227,707
14 South Korea 216,858
15 Italy 206,841
16 Russia 174,603
17 Indonesia 172,718
18 Spain 157,908
19 Japan 153,762
20 Thailand 152,815

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach