Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 895,695
2 United States 470,857
3 India 235,738
4 Germany 158,282
5 United Kingdom 143,621
6 Turkey 94,292
7 Canada 79,302
8 France 77,007
9 Japan 75,555
10 Spain 70,084
11 South Korea 68,395
12 Italy 66,497
13 Australia 50,442
14 Iran 47,690
15 Taiwan 47,626
16 Brazil 46,581
17 Russia 45,555
18 Thailand 45,480
19 Netherlands 41,663
20 Malaysia 39,066

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach