Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 193,452
2 China 179,382
3 United Kingdom 85,723
4 India 82,892
5 Japan 57,398
6 South Korea 48,966
7 France 46,236
8 Canada 44,611
9 Germany 34,953
10 Brazil 30,103
11 Netherlands 26,723
12 Australia 22,996
13 Russia 17,221
14 Switzerland 13,884
15 Italy 13,641
16 Taiwan 13,168
17 Turkey 12,086
18 Greece 11,999
19 Mexico 11,595
20 Portugal 10,863

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach