Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,064,032
2 United States 1,733,683
3 South Korea 877,804
4 Japan 521,080
5 United Kingdom 430,290
6 India 411,243
7 Taiwan 389,676
8 Australia 341,367
9 Germany 291,289
10 Malaysia 282,080
11 Canada 267,280
12 Netherlands 260,181
13 Turkey 234,288
14 Singapore 223,547
15 Brazil 188,310
16 France 187,244
17 Iran 168,145
18 Saudi Arabia 163,725
19 Spain 157,825
20 Italy 144,964

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach