Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 216,594
2 United States 152,336
3 United Kingdom 106,284
4 India 69,501
5 Australia 29,968
6 Germany 28,773
7 Japan 25,579
8 Canada 23,836
9 South Korea 23,826
10 France 23,246
11 Turkey 21,108
12 Netherlands 20,349
13 Brazil 17,957
14 Italy 16,442
15 Malaysia 13,243
16 Russia 11,588
17 Taiwan 10,799
18 Spain 10,600
19 Iran 7,574
20 Sweden 7,183

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach