Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 245,116
2 United States 178,599
3 United Kingdom 123,288
4 India 60,421
5 Australia 33,032
6 Japan 28,670
7 South Korea 27,516
8 Germany 27,282
9 Canada 26,261
10 Netherlands 23,527
11 Turkey 23,438
12 France 22,830
13 Italy 21,095
14 Brazil 17,739
15 Russia 12,981
16 Spain 12,018
17 Malaysia 10,230
18 Taiwan 9,424
19 Iran 7,367
20 Singapore 6,786

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach