Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 997,255
2 United States 575,299
3 India 238,157
4 Brazil 216,522
5 Japan 179,611
6 Germany 177,614
7 United Kingdom 154,755
8 South Korea 105,943
9 Turkey 101,322
10 Canada 87,482
11 France 80,769
12 Russia 71,634
13 Taiwan 62,886
14 Australia 60,111
15 Italy 50,621
16 Mexico 42,748
17 Spain 41,463
18 Switzerland 40,680
19 Netherlands 39,774
20 Pakistan 32,441

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach