Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 324,587
2 China 167,322
3 Australia 121,237
4 India 118,990
5 Japan 110,901
6 United Kingdom 108,780
7 Norway 102,365
8 Switzerland 90,703
9 Germany 84,978
10 Netherlands 59,633
11 Russia 51,620
12 France 39,101
13 Canada 29,149
14 Italy 26,300
15 Brazil 25,118
16 South Korea 18,757
17 Turkey 17,147
18 Spain 15,786
19 Poland 12,077
20 Belgium 11,023

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach