Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 364,167
2 China 172,723
3 Australia 123,369
4 India 116,546
5 Japan 108,671
6 United Kingdom 104,852
7 Norway 102,180
8 Switzerland 92,212
9 Germany 84,844
10 Netherlands 60,386
11 France 53,111
12 Canada 49,414
13 Russia 47,907
14 Italy 27,672
15 Brazil 26,214
16 South Korea 19,573
17 Turkey 16,635
18 Spain 15,811
19 Poland 11,142
20 Sweden 10,880

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach