Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 355,775
2 China 172,944
3 India 124,466
4 Australia 122,969
5 Japan 112,353
6 United Kingdom 107,957
7 Norway 102,151
8 Switzerland 92,590
9 Germany 87,820
10 Netherlands 60,423
11 Russia 53,062
12 Canada 49,298
13 France 45,014
14 Italy 27,785
15 Brazil 26,773
16 South Korea 17,795
17 Turkey 17,676
18 Spain 16,288
19 Poland 12,236
20 Sweden 11,438

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach