Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 631,219
2 China 588,183
3 Germany 352,920
4 Japan 286,650
5 India 238,200
6 United Kingdom 181,137
7 Switzerland 160,364
8 Russia 138,091
9 Italy 107,483
10 South Korea 97,222
11 Brazil 90,920
12 Turkey 88,550
13 France 75,534
14 Spain 65,419
15 Canada 56,530
16 Poland 49,793
17 Taiwan 48,754
18 Netherlands 40,937
19 Mexico 39,546
20 Australia 39,472

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach