Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 746,349
2 China 611,400
3 Germany 346,802
4 Japan 287,282
5 India 227,529
6 Switzerland 181,560
7 United Kingdom 175,409
8 Russia 142,022
9 Brazil 111,373
10 Italy 108,527
11 Canada 97,640
12 South Korea 89,483
13 France 86,067
14 Turkey 85,372
15 Spain 65,668
16 Taiwan 52,982
17 Australia 46,265
18 Netherlands 41,960
19 Poland 39,066
20 Mexico 38,664

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach