Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 581,525
2 United States 535,334
3 Germany 312,970
4 Japan 271,392
5 India 222,400
6 United Kingdom 168,206
7 Switzerland 135,877
8 Russia 122,572
9 Italy 104,155
10 South Korea 96,689
11 Brazil 75,120
12 France 71,286
13 Spain 59,667
14 Poland 49,719
15 Canada 49,534
16 Turkey 44,978
17 Taiwan 42,667
18 Netherlands 37,162
19 Australia 35,972
20 Mexico 33,916

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach