Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 757,756
2 China 603,228
3 Germany 368,205
4 Japan 299,250
5 India 246,320
6 United Kingdom 189,197
7 Switzerland 178,934
8 Russia 148,073
9 Italy 113,227
10 Brazil 109,134
11 Canada 98,438
12 South Korea 94,334
13 Turkey 87,713
14 France 84,560
15 Spain 68,335
16 Taiwan 50,955
17 Poland 46,497
18 Australia 46,288
19 Netherlands 43,865
20 Mexico 41,254

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach