Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 103,186
2 Brazil 89,842
3 United States 76,869
4 Germany 31,463
5 United Kingdom 26,728
6 India 23,339
7 Mexico 19,487
8 Thailand 18,132
9 Australia 17,612
10 Japan 16,237
11 Spain 14,742
12 Canada 14,271
13 Turkey 14,267
14 France 13,019
15 Italy 12,198
16 Pakistan 10,819
17 Colombia 10,667
18 Poland 10,033
19 South Korea 9,088
20 South Africa 8,619

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach