Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 318,424
2 United States 135,298
3 Japan 58,602
4 Germany 35,713
5 South Korea 35,548
6 India 35,011
7 France 28,124
8 Russia 24,433
9 United Kingdom 23,049
10 Canada 21,016
11 Taiwan 19,121
12 Sweden 17,688
13 Brazil 14,674
14 Australia 13,285
15 Turkey 10,135
16 Austria 9,975
17 Italy 9,060
18 Poland 7,234
19 Belgium 6,637
20 Czech Republic 6,452

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach