Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,083,990
2 United Kingdom 684,439
3 Australia 537,727
4 Netherlands 193,193
5 China 183,499
6 Canada 148,873
7 Germany 118,140
8 Turkey 89,592
9 Malaysia 79,281
10 Sweden 78,429
11 South Africa 60,208
12 Hong Kong 54,856
13 New Zealand 54,834
14 Denmark 49,640
15 Belgium 46,062
16 Indonesia 40,219
17 Singapore 39,478
18 South Korea 35,625
19 Austria 35,370
20 Switzerland 34,408

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach