Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,082,331
2 United Kingdom 692,971
3 Australia 538,608
4 China 197,239
5 Netherlands 195,210
6 Canada 156,426
7 Germany 108,852
8 Malaysia 89,097
9 Turkey 88,245
10 Sweden 82,039
11 South Africa 60,230
12 Hong Kong 57,556
13 New Zealand 53,644
14 Belgium 47,923
15 Denmark 47,642
16 Indonesia 43,370
17 South Korea 40,567
18 Singapore 39,868
19 Austria 37,123
20 Switzerland 37,119

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach