Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 89,651
2 China 29,107
3 United Kingdom 21,077
4 Australia 14,746
5 Spain 10,623
6 Canada 9,833
7 Italy 9,746
8 South Korea 9,534
9 Japan 8,054
10 Brazil 7,365
11 Germany 6,751
12 Turkey 6,597
13 Taiwan 6,462
14 France 6,421
15 Mexico 5,924
16 Netherlands 5,761
17 Thailand 4,827
18 Colombia 4,721
19 Hong Kong 3,125
20 Switzerland 3,099

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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