Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 97,671
2 China 30,243
3 United Kingdom 22,860
4 Australia 14,411
5 Canada 10,614
6 South Korea 9,535
7 Italy 8,854
8 Spain 8,735
9 Japan 8,238
10 Netherlands 7,559
11 Brazil 6,581
12 Turkey 6,415
13 Germany 6,389
14 Taiwan 5,645
15 France 5,636
16 Mexico 5,092
17 Thailand 4,456
18 Colombia 4,134
19 Switzerland 3,191
20 Hong Kong 2,926

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach