Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 81,302
2 China 27,587
3 United Kingdom 18,329
4 Australia 13,327
5 Spain 12,564
6 Italy 10,294
7 South Korea 9,203
8 Canada 9,013
9 Japan 7,790
10 Brazil 7,702
11 Turkey 6,684
12 Taiwan 6,615
13 Germany 6,598
14 France 6,243
15 Mexico 5,394
16 Netherlands 5,391
17 Colombia 5,134
18 Thailand 4,762
19 Hong Kong 2,903
20 Switzerland 2,758

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach