Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 482,024
2 China 324,933
3 United Kingdom 152,365
4 Japan 90,486
5 Canada 76,703
6 Australia 61,280
7 Germany 58,660
8 South Korea 53,461
9 Brazil 44,366
10 Italy 40,442
11 Netherlands 37,903
12 France 35,356
13 Spain 33,218
14 Turkey 30,419
15 Taiwan 25,083
16 Switzerland 23,099
17 Mexico 21,226
18 Iran 19,068
19 Russia 17,172
20 Sweden 14,586

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.