Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 499,792
2 China 276,887
3 United Kingdom 147,371
4 Japan 88,401
5 Canada 79,157
6 Germany 68,609
7 Australia 62,852
8 South Korea 51,210
9 Brazil 48,183
10 Netherlands 42,522
11 Italy 40,057
12 France 36,294
13 Spain 33,137
14 Turkey 27,165
15 Taiwan 25,408
16 Mexico 24,000
17 Iran 23,026
18 Switzerland 22,685
19 Russia 22,277
20 Sweden 14,779

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.