Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,196,561
2 United States 387,606
3 United Kingdom 254,878
4 Turkey 248,010
5 India 211,476
6 Taiwan 178,883
7 Germany 147,454
8 Iran 135,830
9 Brazil 123,250
10 Australia 116,989
11 Thailand 110,124
12 Netherlands 99,571
13 South Korea 99,388
14 Indonesia 90,687
15 Canada 90,349
16 Malaysia 79,431
17 France 73,194
18 Italy 69,975
19 Colombia 63,478
20 Spain 46,755

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.