Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 7,518,358
2 United States 1,883,627
3 South Korea 1,395,274
4 United Kingdom 1,079,971
5 India 925,980
6 Japan 822,454
7 Turkey 720,893
8 Germany 579,194
9 Australia 551,504
10 Taiwan 535,310
11 Canada 457,618
12 Italy 418,455
13 France 415,227
14 Brazil 396,302
15 Malaysia 356,435
16 Spain 356,232
17 Netherlands 343,526
18 Thailand 266,967
19 Russia 257,061
20 Mexico 242,450

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach