Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,651,698
2 United States 1,423,469
3 India 903,659
4 South Korea 808,345
5 United Kingdom 718,615
6 Japan 690,672
7 Germany 528,858
8 Turkey 506,465
9 Taiwan 487,191
10 Malaysia 409,577
11 Thailand 388,306
12 Brazil 377,210
13 Canada 358,897
14 France 337,260
15 Australia 325,868
16 Russia 302,667
17 Italy 287,704
18 Spain 255,397
19 Mexico 248,636
20 Iran 165,882

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach