Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 6,092,829
2 United States 1,699,842
3 South Korea 1,065,868
4 United Kingdom 897,418
5 India 853,148
6 Japan 740,921
7 Turkey 612,457
8 Germany 555,782
9 Taiwan 471,902
10 Australia 441,239
11 Canada 406,784
12 Brazil 385,397
13 France 347,243
14 Malaysia 345,403
15 Italy 333,489
16 Thailand 314,827
17 Spain 294,830
18 Russia 261,867
19 Netherlands 259,282
20 Mexico 252,006

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach