Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 5,357,371
2 United States 1,554,899
3 India 930,379
4 South Korea 898,373
5 United Kingdom 789,351
6 Japan 714,380
7 Turkey 560,568
8 Germany 538,152
9 Taiwan 469,607
10 Brazil 383,324
11 Canada 376,742
12 Australia 370,301
13 Malaysia 368,755
14 Thailand 361,146
15 France 325,284
16 Italy 304,424
17 Russia 291,536
18 Spain 266,532
19 Mexico 262,328
20 Netherlands 199,334

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach