Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,313,775
2 United States 737,931
3 United Kingdom 662,895
4 Australia 303,329
5 India 234,006
6 Malaysia 205,915
7 Hong Kong 189,730
8 Canada 188,498
9 South Korea 184,473
10 Turkey 181,148
11 Italy 152,351
12 Brazil 151,672
13 Germany 144,889
14 Taiwan 142,521
15 Netherlands 137,116
16 Japan 133,846
17 France 117,203
18 Spain 93,676
19 Singapore 89,263
20 Thailand 88,163

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach