Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,095,078
2 United States 654,499
3 United Kingdom 622,722
4 Australia 271,017
5 India 226,443
6 Malaysia 220,808
7 Hong Kong 179,622
8 South Korea 170,065
9 Canada 168,381
10 Turkey 167,896
11 Germany 145,375
12 Taiwan 143,400
13 Italy 141,792
14 Brazil 138,843
15 Netherlands 126,733
16 Japan 114,850
17 France 114,471
18 Spain 93,319
19 Thailand 88,256
20 Sweden 81,498

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach