Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,532,019
2 United States 796,504
3 United Kingdom 704,804
4 Australia 336,591
5 India 222,970
6 South Korea 219,982
7 Canada 207,066
8 Hong Kong 203,637
9 Turkey 192,967
10 Malaysia 188,724
11 Italy 165,833
12 Japan 157,208
13 Brazil 155,795
14 Netherlands 155,141
15 Taiwan 146,980
16 Germany 131,111
17 France 120,717
18 Singapore 101,839
19 Spain 100,007
20 Thailand 84,792

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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