Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,075,857
2 United Kingdom 1,019,250
3 China 989,865
4 Australia 746,825
5 Taiwan 485,525
6 Turkey 367,294
7 Canada 331,735
8 Malaysia 283,683
9 Netherlands 221,831
10 Hong Kong 182,145
11 Germany 175,595
12 Spain 168,931
13 South Africa 149,578
14 South Korea 133,158
15 Brazil 132,456
16 Thailand 127,284
17 Greece 111,677
18 Sweden 96,553
19 Finland 94,248
20 Indonesia 85,950

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach