Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,090,185
2 United Kingdom 971,881
3 China 867,345
4 Australia 742,144
5 Taiwan 476,875
6 Turkey 343,177
7 Canada 321,569
8 Malaysia 279,684
9 Netherlands 205,696
10 Germany 171,949
11 Hong Kong 160,195
12 Spain 158,042
13 South Africa 147,580
14 Brazil 141,696
15 Thailand 129,388
16 South Korea 112,392
17 Greece 104,687
18 New Zealand 88,901
19 Sweden 88,790
20 Finland 83,315

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach