Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 579,525
2 China 465,764
3 United States 444,523
4 Australia 223,527
5 Taiwan 90,233
6 Hong Kong 87,592
7 Turkey 86,822
8 Canada 80,318
9 Japan 78,870
10 Thailand 60,618
11 New Zealand 59,765
12 South Korea 53,278
13 Malaysia 52,897
14 Spain 39,426
15 Germany 37,764
16 Netherlands 34,434
17 Sweden 24,675
18 Iran 24,445
19 Singapore 21,966
20 South Africa 19,766

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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