Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 588,103
2 China 538,395
3 United States 446,344
4 Australia 226,075
5 Hong Kong 99,212
6 Turkey 91,205
7 Taiwan 87,117
8 Canada 83,311
9 Japan 82,008
10 New Zealand 60,677
11 Thailand 57,668
12 Malaysia 54,151
13 South Korea 53,901
14 Spain 44,157
15 Netherlands 36,536
16 Germany 36,183
17 Sweden 29,271
18 Singapore 21,176
19 South Africa 19,444
20 Ireland 18,405

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach