Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 260,655
2 United States 186,317
3 Japan 62,031
4 United Kingdom 36,653
5 South Korea 36,345
6 Italy 29,591
7 Canada 26,176
8 Brazil 23,125
9 Turkey 22,404
10 Germany 21,013
11 Taiwan 20,944
12 Australia 19,338
13 France 18,631
14 Spain 16,626
15 Netherlands 13,086
16 Switzerland 11,612
17 Iran 10,671
18 Mexico 10,504
19 Thailand 9,061
20 India 8,688

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach