Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 97,927
2 Australia 70,397
3 United Kingdom 59,262
4 United States 55,675
5 Indonesia 23,826
6 Malaysia 22,383
7 Turkey 19,618
8 India 13,859
9 Japan 12,488
10 Canada 12,297
11 Netherlands 10,678
12 South Africa 10,363
13 Germany 10,023
14 Russia 9,332
15 France 8,816
16 Italy 7,398
17 South Korea 7,249
18 Spain 6,362
19 Pakistan 6,231
20 Taiwan 6,218

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach