Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 665,148
2 United States 565,743
3 Brazil 318,277
4 Thailand 294,267
5 United Kingdom 213,521
6 Australia 200,309
7 Spain 197,822
8 South Korea 194,041
9 Turkey 182,554
10 Canada 145,502
11 Italy 144,427
12 Poland 101,516
13 Russia 100,192
14 Japan 96,793
15 South Africa 94,059
16 New Zealand 86,840
17 Germany 85,290
18 Mexico 84,861
19 Taiwan 84,358
20 India 82,619

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach