Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 744,493
2 United States 558,164
3 Brazil 308,541
4 Thailand 255,202
5 United Kingdom 218,709
6 Australia 208,669
7 South Korea 201,430
8 Turkey 199,022
9 Spain 188,992
10 Italy 147,204
11 Canada 136,543
12 Japan 101,225
13 Poland 92,444
14 South Africa 89,990
15 Taiwan 87,658
16 New Zealand 85,465
17 Netherlands 78,429
18 Germany 77,443
19 Ireland 74,548
20 Mexico 73,887

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach